Ok, so you can *only* receive penalties for 1 complete action. This is covered by the penalty hierarchies, so if you shove someone in the back with your forearms, you will ONLY recieve a backblock penalty (or expulsion, if you were being really dangerous). This is the hierarchy:
- Gross Misconduct/Misconduct
Blocking to the Head/Blocking With the Head
Position on the Track (Out of Play, Out of Bounds, Direction of Game Play)
Illegal Target Zone
Illegal Blocking Zone
All other non-contact penalties (such as Cutting, Skating Out of Bounds, Illegal Procedures, Insubordination)
It makes sense if you think about it:
Really bad stuff
Really dangerous stuff
Stuff that can prevent the game being played/is basically not playing derby
Stuff you shouldn't hit
Stuff you shouldn't hit with
That's not good, but not really having impact
So that makes sense. 2 illegal actions in one movement means that you get one penalty.
But, if there's TWO separate actions then you need two separate penalties.
So for example, if you take a knee to avoid a block that's a penalty. But after you've taken a knee, you get back up and elbow someone off track that's ALSO a penalty. Two actions, two penalties. Sadly it's hard one to give an example of easily because it's all in 'make a call, ref' territory. Were the actions distinct or did a lot happen at once? A lot of newer/inexperienced referees will accumulate a lot of penalties for skaters because they aren't sure and over penalise. Also remember, that once the referee makes a call, then the skater basically can't accumulate more penalties for things unless it's insubordination or misconduct (or you do something massively ejection worthy):
188.8.131.52 - A penalty is considered to be assessed, and a Skater is considered to have been sent to the Penalty Box, once the action that warrants a penalty has been committed.
184.108.40.206 - No Skater, including the Skater who has earned the penalty, can be held responsible for behaving as if a penalty has been assessed until the Official has completed the appropriate hand signals and verbal cues.
So until the penalty is called, you can continue to accumulate penalties.
Does this make sense? It's a difficult one to consider and you won't see it often. Basically, if you seen this happen more than once in a half, then someone's possibly being over-sensitive with their calls, or the skaters are REALLY packing those penalties in